# Logical Reasoning:: Statement and Argument

### Exercise

"

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

• (A) If only argument I is strong
• (B) If only argument II is strong
• (C) If either I or II is strong
• (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
• (E) If both I and II are strong.

#### Statement: Should all the school teachers be debarred from giving private tuitions? Arguments: I. No. The needy students will be deprived of the expertise of these teachers. II. Yes. This is an injustice to the unemployed educated people who can earn their living by giving tuitions. III. Yes. Only then the quality of teaching in schools will improve. IV. Yes. Now salary of these teachers is reasonable.

 A. Only I and III are strong B. Only I, II and III are strong C Only III and IV are strong D. Only II, III and IV are strong E. None of these

#### Statement: Should we scrap the 'Public Distribution System' in India? Arguments: I.Yes, Protectionism is over, everyone must get the bread on his/her own. II. Yes. The poor do not get any benefit because of corruption.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

#### Statement: Should children be legally made responsible to take care of their parents during their old age? Arguments: I. Yes. Such matter can only be solved by legal means. II. Yes. Only this will bring some relief to poor parents.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

#### Statement: Should import duty on all the electronic goods be dispensed with? Arguments: I. No. This will considerably reduce the income of the government and will adversely affect the developmental activities. II. No. The local manufacturers will not be able to compete with the foreign manufacturers who are technologically far superior.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

#### Statement: Should there be a ceiling on the salary of top executives of multinationals in our country? Arguments: I.Yes. Otherwise it would lead to unhealthy competition and our own industry would not be able to withstand that. II.No. With the accent on liberalization of economy, any such move would be counter-productive. Once the economy picks up, this disparity will be reduced.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

Page 1 of 11

Submit*